• POVLJANA / Archaeology

Archaeology

Locality: Povljana with several excavation sites (the island of Pag) Settlement: Povljana Town/Municipality: Povljana Project: Archaeological map of the Povljana municipality (a joint project of the Archaeological Museum in Zadar, the Povljana municipality and the Tourist board of Povljana) From the end of April until the beginning of June and during December 2006, and also through November and December 2007, a major part of the Povljana municipality underwent intensive archeological survey, and probe-research was performed near the Church of St. Martin and on the territory of Gomilica and Obatnice. These works were only the first step, with satisfying results nonetheless. Before these works on the entire territory of Pag, Š. Batović had registered around fifteen prehistoric hill forts from Luna to Dinjiška, and many more burial mounds. What is interesting is that of all the islands in the Zadar archipelago, the majority of such mounds are located on the island of Pag. It has been confirmed by recognoscing. On the territory of the Povljana municipality there have been only 2 registered excavation sites belonging to the Roman period (Obatnice on the edge of Povljana field and one location under sea on the Prutna peninsula), and 6 sites from the Medieval period (Old Povljana, settlement and graveyard, respective churches of St. Nikola and St. Martin, and some graves at locations Belotine ograde, Gomilica and Grušna). However, we have also discovered and recorded a significant number of archaeological sites, the majority of which belong to the prehistoric period. A few hill forts are believed to have existed as well,but this is not certain without further excavations. The oldest item found so far belongs to the Eneolithic period. It is a fragment of a stone axe found on the Panos hill. Exceeding in number are stone burial mounds (a total of 125) belonging to Bronze and Iron Age, found on the Prutna peninsula. A large number of burial mounds (tumuli) have been recorded, but we won’t know for sure if they indeed are burial mounds until all necessary research is over. Here are the recorded prehistoric sites: Gusti lazi, a location west from the Hermen hill, Selina, Mali Vraninac, Veliki Vraninac, Rajkovac, Škrlina, Panos, Dola, Bočina and Babe.Among the Roman sites, we first visited the already known location Obatinice, which is being continuously eroded by the sea waves and ruined by curious tourists. It is certainly a Roman economic settlement, a part of which is on the mainland, and the other under the sea. The present state has been documented, several interesting pot fragments have been saved, and we have also found one Roman coin. The Church of St. Nikola, 9th century Remnants of a jug in one of the tumuli In the vicinity of the substation in Selina (Prutna peninsula), by the sea (as well as under the sea) there are many remnants dating from the Roman period (walls, fragments of tegulas, amphorae, and other ware). A number of fragments of Roman pottery were also found in Dobra Punta (Kućerina location). Artefacts were also found in Stara Povljana (beach), Kraljeva ograda and Bas (Segal). Rimski ostaci su još pronađeni u Staroj Povljani (plaža). Kraljevoj ogradi i Basu (Segal). We paid special attention to archaeological sites with artefacts dating from early and late Croatian Medieval period. First we have visited the aforementioned sites and documented their present status, updating them with newly discovered facts. In Stara Povljana, on Mirina and Ogradina locations, remnants of a settlement were found (walls, many fragments of medieval pottery, precisely from the medieval period before the settlement was abandoned in the 17th century). In November and December 2007 we conducted probe-research near the late-medieval Church of St. Martin (dating from the 14th century) in Stara Povljana. Several graves from the early Modern Period were explored. On the Ljubljine location, beneath Glavica and in Selina, there are rmnants of drystone-fence houses. Fragments of earthenware both with and without glazing were found on Hermen and Miškov stan locations. On Gusti lazi location (late Petar Rumora’s fence), there are walls made of plastered stones. The building-technique indicates that they may date from the Medieval period. In a shallow bay in Seline, spreading 300 meters in length and 80 meters in width southeast-northwest, one can notice the remnants of medieval salt pans.

Literatura:

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    Radomir Jurić